Clinical benefits of sex steroids given as a priming prior to GH provocative test or as a growth-promoting therapy in peripubertal growth delays: Results of a retrospective study among ENDO-ERN centres

Objectives

Sex steroids, administered as a priming before GH stimulation tests (GHST) to differentiate between growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) or as growth‐promoting therapy using low‐dose sex steroids (LDSS) in CDGP, are much debated. We aimed to compare auxological outcomes of CDGP or GHD children undergoing primed or unprimed GHST and to evaluate LDSS treatment in CDGP.

Design

Retrospective study among three paediatric University Hospitals in Italy and UK.

Methods

184 children (72 females) aged 12.4 ± 2.08 years underwent primed (/P+) or unprimed (/P−) GHST and were followed up until final height (FH). CDGP patients were untreated (CDG P−) or received LDSS (CDGP+). The cohort included 34 CDG P−/P+, 12 CDGP+/P+, 51 GHD/P+, 29 CDG P−/P−, 2 CDGP+/P− and 56 GHD/P−. FH standard deviation score (SDS), Δ SDS FH‐target height (TH) and degree of success (−1 ≤ Δ SDS FH‐SDS TH ≤ +1) were outcomes of interest.

Results

GHD/P+ had better FH‐SDS (−0.87 vs −1.49; P = .023) and ΔSDS FH‐TH (−0.35 vs −0.77; P = .002) than CDGP−/P+. Overall, GHD/P+ showed the highest degree of success (90%, P = .006). Regardless of priming, both rhGH and LDSS improved degree of success compared to no treatment (89% and 86% vs 63%, P = .0009). GHD/P+ showed a trend towards a higher proportion of permanent GHD compared to GHD/P‐ (30.43% vs 15.09%; P = .067).

Conclusion

In peripubertal children, priming before GHST improves diagnostic accuracy of GHST for idiopathic GHD. LDSS treatment improves auxological outcomes in CDGP.

Overview publication

TitoloClinical benefits of sex steroids given as a priming prior to GH provocative test or as a growth-promoting therapy in peripubertal growth delays: Results of a retrospective study among ENDO-ERN centres
Data9 Settembre 2020
Nome del problemaWiley online library
Numero di pubblicazioneDoi 10.1111 cen.14337
AutoriElena Galazzi, Nicola Improda, Manuela Cerbone, Davide Soranna, Mirella Moro, Letizia Maria Fatti, Antonella Zambon, Marco Bonomi, Mariacarolina Salerno, Mehul Dattani & Luca Persani
MTGsMTG7
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